Long-acting reversible Contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective methods of contraception that protect against pregnancy for an extended period without requiring daily or frequent action by the user. LARCs are convenient and reliable options for individuals seeking long-term birth control. There are two main types of LARCs: intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants.

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs):

IUDs are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider.

There are two types of IUDs: hormonal (progestin-releasing) IUDs and copper IUDs.

Hormonal IUDs: These release synthetic progestin hormone into the uterus, preventing pregnancy by thickening cervical mucus, inhibiting sperm movement, and sometimes preventing ovulation. They can last for 3 to 7 years, depending on the brand.

Copper IUDs: These do not contain hormones. Instead, the copper ions released create an environment toxic to sperm, preventing fertilization. Copper IUDs can last for up to 10 years.

Contraceptive Implants:

Long-acting reversible Contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective methods of contraception
Contraceptive Implants

Implants are small, flexible rods inserted under the skin of the upper arm.

They release a synthetic progestin hormone into the bloodstream to prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation, thickening cervical mucus, and altering the uterine lining.

Implants protect for up to 3 years, depending on the brand.

Advantages of Long-acting reversible Contraceptives (LARCs):

High effectiveness with very low failure rates.

Long-lasting protection, reducing the need for frequent user action.

Rapid return to fertility after removal.

Suitable for women who prefer not to or cannot use hormonal methods daily.

Considerations and Effectiveness:

Long-acting reversible Contraceptives (LARCs) do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

IUD insertion and implant insertion/removal are typically done by a healthcare provider during an office visit.

Some women may experience side effects, such as changes in menstrual bleeding or hormonal effects.

LARCs may have initial upfront costs, but they are cost-effective over their duration.

LARCs offer a reliable and convenient option for individuals seeking long-term contraception. The choice between IUDs and implants depends on individual preferences, health history, and reproductive goals. Consulting a healthcare provider is important to determine the most suitable LARC option and address any concerns. LARCs provide peace of mind and freedom from daily contraceptive management, making them a popular choice for many individuals.